Policy briefs

Enfoster Brief no. 3: Transnational Posting of Workers within the EU: emerging challenges and opportunities in the light of Directive 2014/67/EU.

Modena, Giannini, D. (ed.) (2015). Modena: Istituto Guglielmo Tagliacarne.

The authors analyse the main issues and problems faced by the Member States during the transposition of Enforcement of the Posting of Workers Directive 2014/67/EU focusing particularly on the construction and road transport sectors in four case studies (Belgium, Germany, Italy and Romania).


Reducing the numbers of occupational victims requires an alternative prevention policy

Brussels, Eshuis, W. (2015). Brussels: ETUI.

The author of this Policy Brief argues that the regulatory approach is effective only in cases where employers actually care about the quality of working life, pointing out that many employers turn a blind eye to the health and safety problems facing their workforces .


TTIP: fast track to deregulation and lower health and safety protection for EU workers

Brussels, Aida Ponce Del Castillo (2015). Brussels: ETUI.

This Policy Brief focuses on how EU occupational health and safety may be affected by the Transatlantic Trade Investment Partnership (TTIP).


Language barriers and the occupational safety and health of posted workers

Vienna, Zólyomi, E. & Danaj, S. (2019). Vienna: European Centre.

In this Policy Brief, the authors present language barriers faced by posted workers in nine European Union countries (Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Germany, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain) and discuss the implications these may have for their occupational safety and health (OSH). The brief offers recommendations for policy that could help reduce OSH risks many posted workers are exposed to due to language barriers.


Here, not to stay – The posting of third-country nationals between Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, and Austria

Vienna, Danaj, S. & Geyer, L. (2020). Vienna: European Centre

This Policy Brief describes the trend of the posting of workers from Bosnia and Herzegovina via Slovenia to Austria and its drivers. It discusses why workers from Bosnia and Herzegovina agree to be posted via Slovenia to work in Austria, the challenges they face and the impact it has on the host country.


From Morocco and Tunisia to Belgium via Italy: migration and posting of third country nationals

Venice, Cillo, R. (2020). Venice: Ca' Foscari University

This policy brief describes the trend of the posting of workers from Morocco and Tunisia via Italy to Belgium and its drivers. It focuses also on the challenges and vulnerabilities of posted workers from Morocco and Tunisia and contains some recommendations for coping with the main problems that affect TCN posted workers.


The posting of third-country nationals from Ukraine through Poland to Estonia and Finland

Jyväskylä, Warsaw, Kall, K., Brzozowska, A., Lillie, N., Matuszczyk, K. & Salamońska J. (2020). Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä; Warsaw: University of Warsaw

Policy brief is based on a regional report of the Con3Post project1and focuses on the posting of Ukrainian workers through Poland to work in the construction sectors of Estonia and Finland.


Social security coordination in the posting of workers from Poland: Identifying challenges and proposing solutions

Vienna, Brzozowska, A., Matuszczyk, K. & Salamońska, J. (2021). Vienna: European Centre.

The policy brief focuses on social security coordination by framing it in the context of free movement of labour and services in the EU and pointing to the empirical results of research carried out in Poland, which describe challenges faced by public authorities, employers and posted workers.


The challenges faced by Slovene posting companies

Vienna, Sedmak, S., Zirnstein, E., Širok, K. (2021). Vienna: European Centre.

In this policy brief we summarise the main challenges Slovene companies face while posting their workers to other EU countries as well as give recommendations and possible solutions for these challenges.


Challenges encountered by employers in the posting of workers in Slovakia

Vienna, Kováčová, L., Studená, I., Mýtna Kureková, L. (2021). Vienna: European Centre.

The policy brief „Challenges encountered by employers in the posting of workers in Slovakia“ presents the main obstacles Slovak employers face in the posting of workers and policy recommendations addressing these obstacles and improving the implementation practice in the posting.


Posting from a candidate country and its implications for the social protection of workers: the case of Serbia

Vienna, Stanić, K. (2021). Vienna: European Centre.

Posting workers as a concept is not straightforward and it is often confused with some forms of emigration. Four situations are related to the concept of posting: a) “regular” posting as defined by the EU posting directives - worker is sent by his/her employer to carry out a service in an EU Member State on a temporary basis; b) temporary illegal emigration; c) emigration to EU with the help of official institutions; and d) posting third country nationals.


The case of North Macedonia: Posted workers - developing patterns and trends

Vienna, Ilijevski, K. & Iloska, A. (2021). Vienna: European Centre.

The policy brief describes the main characteristics of the posting of citizens of North Macedonia to EU and non-EU member states, with a main focus on the construction sector.


The tension between Austrian national antidumping measures and European Court of Justice decisions

Vienna, Danaj, S. & Kahlert, R. (2021). Vienna: European Centre.

In this policy brief, the authors discuss the tension between national anti-dumping measures and the judicial regulation of posting by the European Court of Justice decisions through the example of the case ‘Maksimovic and others versus Austrian public authorities,’ and how this decision might affect Austrian authorities’ efforts to prevent and prosecute any potential violations committed by certain posting companies.


Italian authorities' challenges in the monitoring of the posting of workers

Vienna, Cillo, R. & Perocco, F. (2021). Vienna: European Centre.

This policy brief focuses on the main difficulties encountered by the Italian public authorities when monitoring the posting of workers at the workplace/sectoral level, the national level, and the transnational level.


The revised Posted Workers Directive and its implications for employers in Hungary

Vienna, Zólyomi, E. (2021). Vienna: European Centre.

The policy brief discusses practical implications of the revised EU Posted Workers Directive for employers posting workers from Hungary.